Windows/Network

Using Cortana

Windows 10 allows the user to access a “personal digitalized assistant” called Cortana.  Cortana can perform tasks such as set reminders, recognize natural voice without the requirement for keyboard input, and answer questions using information from Bing (search engine).

Cortana first shows up as a search box on the Windows 10 desktop screen, the “Ask me anything” bar that is one of the most visible new features to the Windows 10.

When the user first opens Windows 10, Cortana can be set to listen for the user to say “Hey Cortana.” To use Cortana with voice activation (computer must be equipped with a microphone):

  • Click on the Search Bar for Cortana by the Start menu

cortana

 

  • Click the menu icon in the upper right corner of Cortana’s window. It has three stripes.select menu

     

  •  Select Notebook from the options
  • Select Notebook 

    Select Settings from the options

  • Select settings

    Switch “Let Cortana respond to ‘Hey Cortana.'” to On.

    toggle hey cortana to on

  • Now Cortana will respond to the user when prompted with “Hey Cortana”.

 

 

 

Customizing the Start Menu

Windows 10 allows you to customize and make the Start menu your own.

Customizing tiles is easy:

  • Click and drag tiles to rearrange them on your Start menu
  • Right-click tile to unpin the tile from the Start menu altogether
  • Drag a tile all the way to the bottom of the menu, it’ll create a new category, which you can rename

You can change the size of the tile:

  • Right-click a tile to pick from four sizes—small, medium, wide, and large—each of which will show different amounts of information.

resize3

If you decide you don’t want a tile to show live info, but want to keep the shortcut, you can right-click it and choose “turn live tile off”.

To add a new tile:

  • Find the tile in the All Apps section
  • Choose Pin to Start

Personalizing Your Desktop

Windows 10 allows for the user to personalize and customize their desktop.

To access the Personalization settings:

  • right-click anywhere on the desktop
  • select Personalize from the drop-down menu.
opening the Personalization settings
or
  • Click on Start menu
  • Choose Settings
  • Choose Personalization

personalize

In the Personalization menu, the user can change backgrounds, colors, themes, etc.

 

 

 

Utilizing Virtual Desktops

With Windows 10, the user can create an unlimited amount of Virtual Desktops.  Virtual Desktops allows the user to:

  • Group or organize multiple programs or group related windows
  • Locate and switch to any window or group of windows
  • Re-organize groups and move windows as tasks evolve
  • Control of the degree of separation between your grouped windows

The virtual desktops feature in Windows 10 is called Task View and is located on the Taskbar.  To add a virtual desktop:

  • Open up the new Task View pane by clicking the Task View button (two overlapping rectangles) on the taskbar,  TASKBAR
  • Click New desktop to add a virtual desktop.

or

  • Pressing the Windows Key + Tab

Windows_10

or

  • Press the Windows Key + Ctrl + D

 

Clicking the Task View button brings up the Task View interface, where you can see your open windows on virtual desktops you’ve added.

 

You can move programs among the different desktops you’ve set up.

To do so:

  • Switch to the desktop containing the program you want to move.
  • Click the Task View button on the Taskbar.
  • Right-click on the large thumbnail for the program you want to move
  • Select “Move to,” and then select the desktop number to which you want to move the program.

07_moving_a_program_to_another_desktop

The program now displays on the other desktop.

 

 

Windows 10 Keyboard Shortcuts

With Windows 10, Microsoft has added new keyboard shortcuts to give you easier access to the new Action Center, Cortana, Task View, and virtual desktops.

Listed below are a few of the most common Windows 10 keyboard shortcuts:

  • Press Windows key: Open/close the Start menu
  • Press Windows key + A: Open the Action Center
  • Press Windows key + C: Launch Cortana in listening mode (for voice commands)
  • Press Windows key + (Windows 7 and up): Launch File Explorer
  • Press Windows key + I: Open the Settings app
  • Press Windows key + S: Launch Cortana
  • Press Windows key + Tab: Open Task View
  • Press Windows key + Ctrl + D: Create a new virtual desktop
  • Press Windows key + Ctrl + F4: Close the current desktop
  • Press Windows key + Ctrl + left or right arrow: switch between virtual desktops

 

 

Battery Saver Settings

If you are utilizing a laptop and the battery is starting to run low, Windows 10 will begin to cut back on background services and other threads so you can squeeze more out of your battery life.

To enable Battery Saver:

  • Click on the Start menu
  • Click on Settings
  • Choose Systems
  • Choose Battery Saver

Battery Saver

 

The screen also shows how much battery life and estimated time you have remaining.

Finding the “Original” Control Panel

There may be times while utilizing Windows 10 that you will need to access the “original” (more familiar) Control Panel to access deeper options in the system.

In order to access this Control Panel:

  • Right-Click the Start icon
  • Select Control Panel

or

  • Type Control Panel in the Search Bar next to the Start icon.

Updating Your VPN Terminal Session

Have a new computer? Do you use like to use your VPN to connect to your computer? Here are the basics to change things to keep you running smoothly.

  • Get computer name. In case you don’t know how to do this:
    • Click the Windows Start button.
    • Right-click Computer.
    • Choose Properties.
    • Find Computer Name about 3/4 down the screen.
    • Write down the computer name because you will need it in a few minutes. It will consist of 11(ish) characters and the first three will be FRS.
    • Close the properties window.
  • Go to https://secure.montgomerycountymd.gov and log in (as you are used to doing).
  • Find the Terminal Sessions section.
  • Go to Item Properties of the terminal session that is saved for your (old) computer.
  • Change the Host for your computer. It will be the 11(ish) character name you wrote down earlier, followed by .mcgov.org (which should likely be there already).
  • Click the Save Changes

How to Map a Drive in Windows 7

Mapping a drive basically means you are giving a shortcut to the computer to remember a network location. Here are directions to map the S: drive but the same approach may be taken for any network location with which you are familiar.

  • Click the Windows Start button and click Documents. This will open a folder.
  • Access the Tools menu and select Map Network Drive.Map a Drive
  • Select the letter of your choice, as long as it is not already assigned to a map. You will know if it is because there will be characters listed after the colon. If all you see if a letter and a colon, the letter is available. Here are two examples:
    • Mapped Drive Letter: X:
    • Non-Mapped Drive Letter: V:\\MCG-f03\MCG
  • Type in the path for the drive. A network path will begin with two back-slashes. The path for the S: drive is:
    \\fsfrs\frs\s
  • Check the box to Reconnect at Logon, which will ensure the drive stays mapped each time you log onto Windows (and are connected to the network).
  • Click the Finish button.